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How to Structure an Investment Loan?


Maximizing returns on investments often involves leveraging an investment loan, a powerful tool for boosting potential profits. However, your investment loan must be carefully structured to maximize returns while reducing risks. In this blog, we’ll explore key factors and techniques for effectively organizing your investment loan. 

Understanding Investment Loans

An investment loan is a borrowing arrangement specifically utilized to acquire assets like real estate, stocks, or managed funds. Typically, the investment itself or other assets secure this loan. The aim is to ensure that the returns from the investment surpass the borrowing costs, resulting in a net profit. 

Types of Investment Loans:

i)  Margin loans

Margin loans are used primarily for purchasing shares or managed funds. The lender provides funds based on a percentage of the investment’s value, known as the loan-to-value ratio (LVR).

ii) Home equity loans

These loans allow you to borrow against the equity in your existing property to invest in other assets. This type of loan can offer lower interest rates and flexible terms.

iii) Investment property loans

These loans are specifically designed for purchasing investment properties. They often come with features like interest-only repayment periods and tax-deductible interest expenses.

Key Considerations When Structuring an Investment Loan

a) Assessing risk tolerance

Before taking out an investment loan, assess your risk tolerance. Understand that leveraging increases both gains and losses. Ensure you have a solid risk management strategy in place.

b) Loan-to-Value Ratio (LVR)

The LVR is crucial in determining how much you can borrow. A higher LVR means more borrowing but also higher risk. For example, an 80% LVR means you can borrow 80% of the investment’s value, but you’ll need to come up with the remaining 20% as a deposit.

c) Interest Rates

Interest rates directly impact the cost of borrowing. Look for competitive rates and consider fixed vs. variable rates. Fixed rates offer stability, while variable rates can fluctuate, potentially offering lower costs over time.

Structuring Your Investment Loan

1) Loan Term and Repayment Options

Choose a loan term that aligns with your investment horizon. A shorter term means higher monthly repayments but lower total interest costs, while longer terms reduce monthly payments but increase total interest paid. Choosing between principal and interest repayments or interest-only repayments is a decision where interest-only loans may lower initial payments, boosting cash flow, but they maintain the principal amount unchanged, which could lead to higher overall interest expenses.

2) Offset Accounts and Redraw Facilities

Offset accounts are transactional accounts linked to your loan, with the balance directly reducing the interest payable on your loan. For example, if you have a $500,000 loan and $50,000 in an offset account, you’ll only accrue interest on the remaining $450,000. This feature gives you the ability to make extra loan repayments, providing flexibility to access those funds if necessary while also reducing interest costs when the extra repayments stay in the loan account.

3) Tax Implications

You can deduct interest expenses on investment loans from your taxes, but it’s crucial to keep precise records of the interest paid and any associated expenses. For optimal tax planning and to fully utilize deduction benefits, seek advice from a tax accountant.

Risk Management Strategies

i) Diversification

Diversify your investments to spread risk. Avoid putting all borrowed funds into a single asset or investment type. Spread investments across various asset classes, such as property, shares, and managed funds.

ii)  Loan Protection

Exploring insurance options such as mortgage protection or income protection can offer vital financial assistance if unexpected circumstances like illness or job loss prevent you from meeting loan repayments.

iii) Regular Reviews

Regularly review your investment portfolio and loan structure. Market conditions and personal situations can change, so you may need to update your strategy accordingly. Staying proactive can help reduce risks and capitalize on opportunities.

Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about how to structure an investment loan:

Q: What is an investment loan?

A: An investment loan is a type of loan specifically utilized to acquire assets like property, shares, or managed funds. This loan can be secured against the investment itself or other assets. The aim is to generate returns that surpass the borrowing costs.

Q: What are the main types of investment loans?

A: The main types of investment loans are:

Margin Loans: Used mainly for investing in shares or managed funds.

Home Equity Loans: Allow you to borrow against the equity in your existing property.

Investment Property Loans: Designed specifically for purchasing investment properties.

Q: Should I choose a fixed or variable interest rate?

A: A fixed interest rate offers stability with consistent repayments, protecting you from rate increases. A variable interest rate can fluctuate, potentially lowering costs over time but also carrying the risk of rate hikes. Choose based on your risk preference and market conditions.

Q: What is the difference between an owner-occupied loan and an investment loan?

A: Owner-occupied loans are for properties you live in and investment loans are for properties you rent out for income or capital appreciation.

Q: What are the best investment property loans?

A: The best investment property loans vary depending on individual conditions, such as financial situation, investment goals, and risk tolerance. Factors to watch when evaluating investment property loans include interest rates, loan terms, fees, flexibility, and eligibility criteria. It’s advisable to compare offerings from different lenders and consult with a financial advisor, tax accountant, and mortgage broker to find the most suitable loan for your specific needs.

Q: Are interest expenses on investment loans tax-deductible?

A: Interest expenses incurred on investment loans are typically eligible for tax deductions. It’s crucial to maintain accurate records of the interest payments and any associated expenses. Consulting with a tax agent can help optimize your profits by maximizing deductions.

Q: How can I manage the risks associated with investment loans?

A: To effectively manage the risks associated with investment loans, take these proactive steps: diversify your investments across different asset classes to lower risk; contemplate mortgage protection or income protection insurance; and consistently review your investment portfolio and loan structure to adjust to market shifts and personal changes.

Q: What are the rules for investment properties in Australia?

A: In Australia, investment property rules cover tax benefits like negative gearing, capital gains tax on profits, deductions for depreciation and expenses, land tax, stamp duty, foreign investment regulations, and loan criteria.

Q: What are the best investment home loan rates available in Australia?

A: Investment home loan rates in Australia can fluctuate significantly due to market conditions, lender policies, and individual financial conditions, typically covering from approximately 2% to 4% or even higher. These rates are influenced by factors such as the loan term, repayment type, loan-to-value ratio, and whether the loan is fixed or variable. For the most precise and current information personalized to your needs, it’s recommended to research the prevailing rates from various lenders or seek guidance from a financial advisor or mortgage broker.

Q: What is a real estate investment loan?

A: A real estate investment loan is a financial product specifically designed to provide funds for purchasing property with the intent of generating income or profit through renting, leasing, or selling the property.

Q: What are the tax benefits of investment property in Australia?

A: In Australia, investment properties offer several tax benefits. You can deduct expenses such as mortgage interest, maintenance costs, depreciation, and other property-related expenses, which can reduce your taxable income. Additionally, long-term holdings may qualify for capital gains tax discounts.

Q: Who is the best lender for investment property?

A: Determining the best lender for investment property can vary based on individual circumstances such as creditworthiness, loan terms needed, and the specific property being financed. It’s advisable to compare offers from multiple lenders, including banks, credit unions, and specialized mortgage lenders, to find the most favorable terms and rates tailored to your investment goals.

Q: How do I start the process of securing an investment loan?

A: To secure a loan for an investment property, start by assessing your financial situation, defining your investment goals, and researching loan options. Then, consult professionals such as a financial advisor, mortgage broker, and tax accountant. Gather the necessary documentation and apply for pre-approval from your chosen lender to determine your borrowing capacity. Once pre-approved, select the investment and finalize the loan by completing the application process.


Structuring an investment loan requires careful planning and consideration of several factors, including risk tolerance, loan-to-value ratio (LVR), interest rates, and tax implications. By choosing the right loan type and repayment options and leveraging features like offset accounts, you can optimize your investment strategy and enhance potential returns. Consult with financial advisors, tax accountants, and mortgage brokers to tailor your approach to your specific needs and situation. 

If you have any questions about maximizing your financial well-being, please contact one of our Bookkeeper / Tax Agent / Tax Accountant / Mortgage Broker at 0893860047. Let’s shape your success together!